Abu Dhabi Fund
The Abu Dhabi Fund for Arab Economic Development was initially as an agency of the Government of Abu Dhabi to help Arab countries and later its scope was widened to cover other developing countries in their economic development through provision of loans etc. India has so far received one loan from the Fund, in 1976, for financing part of the Garwhal-Rishikesh-Chilla Hydro-Electric Project in Uttaranchal.
Austria has been extending bilateral development assistance to India through Government and other credits. These have been made available for financing the import of capital goods, components, machinery, raw materials and services of Austrian origin.
The Government of France started extending bilateral development assistance to India from 1968. The French bilateral development assistance is tied to the import of goods and services from France. French Govt. makes commitments only against specific projects where contracts have been won by French companies and where a substantial value of French products/services is to be imported.
Netherlands has been extending bilateral development assistance to India since 1962-63 mainly in the form of general-purpose credits, debt relief assistance and supplier's credits. The major sectors in which Dutch bilateral development assistance is being received are food processing & agri-business, chemicals, environmental technology, civil engineering, transport equipment, infrastructure, banking & insurance, energy, medical equipment, electrical engineering, bio-technology, etc.
The Netherlands Government had, from 2000, adopted a Sectoral Approach instead of the conventional Project Approach and had also decided to concentrate development efforts in few states; namely, Gujarat (in the Sectors of Education, Health and Water Management/Conservation), Kerala (Sectors not finalised) and Andhra Pradesh (in the Sectors of Urban Development, Rural Development and Education). In accordance with the latest policy on bilateral development cooperation enunciated by India in February 2003, India shall not receive bilateral development assistance from the Netherlands. While phasing out such aid, the existing programme will, however, continue and reach their completion. Future bilateral development assistance from Netherlands could be made available directly to Universities, NGOs, autonomous bodies, etc. Assistance to these organizations will, however, is governed by the FCRA 1976.
New Zealand has been extending financial and technical assistance in the form of equipment, cash grants, services of experts and training facilities in New Zealand under the Colombo Plan since 1951-52. The Government of New Zealand have also extended assistance for the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, Matrigara Dairy Project (West Bengal), the setting up of an artificial breeding center at Palampur (Himachal Pradesh) and for the construction of Obstetrics and Gynecology Wing at Ludhiana Hospital. Assistance has also been provided in the fields of forestry and forest fire fighting.
Poland extends for import of plant and machinery, equipment mainly for power generation, coal washeries and cellular concrete plants. An important feature of the Polish credits was that repayment of principal and payment of interest were made in non-convertible Indian Rupees to facilitate purchase of Indian goods by the Polish authorities for export to Poland, in accordance with the Indo-Polish Trade Agreement in force from time to time.
The Government of Switzerland has been giving bilateral development assistance to India since 1960. At present Swiss are providing local cost grants only. These are channeled through the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) with the objectives of improving the living conditions of the rural population and the weaker sections of the society. The Sectoral priorities of the SDC’s programme in India are:-
a) Improved land use
b) Dairy farming and livestock production
c) Rural cottage industry
d) Human resources development and research.
e) Environment and Renewable Sources of Energy.
Currently, there is no Indo-Spanish Bilateral Development Cooperation Programme. In accordance with the latest policy on bilateral development cooperation enunciated by India in February 2003, India shall not receive bilateral development assistance from Spain.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the largest source of development cooperation in the UN system. The UNDP’s approach has shifted and as per the new UN mandate, UNDP assistance would now be based on the Sustainable Human Development (SHD), which encompasses a variety of dimensions like poverty elimination, good governance, building equity, employment, empowerment and environmental regeneration. UNDP has now changed its approach from project to programmes. Instead of several scattered projects across the country, UNDP will now concentrate on few programmes. The areas in which UNDP assistance has been receiving range from research and development in Science &Technology to agricultural cooperation, transport and communication, environment, industry etc.
(A) United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF’s current programme cycle for India covers following areas:-
Ø Early child development through a focus on children under three years of age, and with special attention to early learning and care, low birth weight and malnutrition, sanitation and hygiene, routine immunization and safe motherhood interventions;
Ø Promotion of universal elementary education, particularly for girls, by concentrating on (a) enhancing learning achievements, (b) promoting a quality teaching-learning environment and (c) mobilizing community involvement in schools;
Ø Protection for children vulnerable to labour, trafficking and sexual exploitation, as well as promoting an enabling environment for addressing protection issues;
Ø Prevention of HIV/ AIDS among children through (a) imparting life skills to young people, (b) scaling up national efforts in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission and (c) advocating for policy development and community-based actions to respond to those affected by HIV/AIDS;
Ø Emergency preparedness and response to reduce vulnerabilities and support the continuity of sector interventions.